Geology and geochemistry of the clastic sequences from Northwestern Panay (Philippines): Implications for provenance and geotectonic setting

Jillian Aira S. Gabo, Carla B. Dimalanta, Mary Grace S. Asio, Karlo L. Queaño, Graciano P. Yumul, Akira Imai

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58 Citations (Scopus)


Whole-rock geochemical analysis of samples from the clastic sequences in Northwestern Panay revealed different compositional ranges for the Buruanga Peninsula and Antique Range. The results provide additional evidence that Northwestern Panay consists of two distinct terranes as a result of the arc-continent collision between the Palawan Microcontinental Block and the Philippine Mobile Belt. Major element compositions of clastic rocks from the Buruanga Peninsula (Saboncogon Formation) revealed that they belong to a continental margin tectonic setting whereas the Antique Range sedimentary rocks (Lagdo Formation) show an affinity to an oceanic island arc setting. The Fragante Formation of the Antique Range shows some similarities in tectonic setting and provenance with Buruanga Peninsula clastic rocks, which suggests a Buruanga Peninsula sediment contribution during its time of formation. Furthermore, provenance analyses from combined major and trace element data indicate a more silicic source for the Buruanga Peninsula clastics and a more mafic derivation for the sedimentary rocks of the Antique Range. These findings are consistent with previous studies suggesting that the Buruanga Peninsula forms part of the Palawan Microcontinental Block and the Antique Range belongs to the Philippine Mobile Belt. The Palawan Microcontinental Block is believed to be a drifted continental fragment from the Mesozoic East Asian accretionary complex in the southern part of the Eurasian mainland, which represents the continental margin setting and felsic source of the Buruanga Peninsula clastic rocks. Meanwhile, the oceanic island setting and mafic source of the Antique Range clastic rocks represent the volcanic rocks of the Philippine Mobile Belt that were formed as a result of the subduction of the leading oceanic edge of the Palawan Microcontinental Block.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 10 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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