GEO-X (GEOspace X-ray imager)

the GEO-X team

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)


GEO-X (GEOspace X-ray imager) is a small satellite mission aiming at visualization of the Earth’s magnetosphere by X-rays and revealing dynamical couplings between solar wind and magnetosphere. In-situ spacecraft have revealed various phenomena in the magnetosphere. In recent years, X-ray astronomy satellite observations discovered soft X-ray emission originated from the magnetosphere. We therefore develop GEO-X by integrating innovative technologies of the wide FOV X-ray instrument and the microsatellite technology for deep space exploration. GEO-X is a 50 kg class microsatellite carrying a novel compact X-ray imaging spectrometer payload. The microsatellite having a large delta v (>700 m/s) to increase an altitude at 40-60 RE from relatively low-altitude (e.g., Geo Transfer Orbit) piggyback launch is necessary. We thus combine a 18U Cubesat with the hybrid kick motor composed of liquid N2O and polyethylene. We also develop a wide FOV (5×5 deg) and a good spatial resolution (10 arcmin) X-ray (0.3-2 keV) imager. We utilize a micromachined X-ray telescope, and a CMOS detector system with an optical blocking filter. We aim to launch the satellite around the 25th solar maximum.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2022
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
EditorsJan-Willem A. den Herder, Shouleh Nikzad, Kazuhiro Nakazawa
ISBN (Electronic)9781510653436
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2022: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Montreal, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2022Jul 22 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2022: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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