Background-Stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) is implicated as a chemokine for endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). We therefore hypothesized that SDF-1α gene transfer would induce therapeutic neovascularization in vivo by functioning as a chemokine of EPC. Methods and Results-To examine SDF-1α-induced mobilization of EPC, we used bone marrow-transplanted mice whose blood cells ubiquitously express β-galactosidase (LacZ). We produced unilateral hindlimb ischemia in the mice and transfected them with plasmid DNA encoding SDF-1α or empty plasmids into the ischemic muscles. SDF-1α gene transfer mobilized EPCs into the peripheral blood, augmented recovery of blood perfusion to the ischemic limb, and increased capillary density associated with partial incorporation of LacZ-positive cells into the capillaries of the ischemic limb, suggesting that SDF-1α induced vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. SDF-1α gene transfer did not affect ischemia-induced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) but did enhance Akt and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity. Blockade of VEGF or NOS prevented all such SDF-1α-induced effects. Conclusions-SDF-1α gene transfer enhanced ischemia-induced vasculogenesis and angiogenesis in vivo through a VEGF/eNOS-related pathway. This strategy might become a novel chemokine therapy for next generation therapeutic neovascularization.
|Number of pages
|Published - May 25 2004
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)