Restenosis after angioplasty still remains a major problem for which neointimal formation appears to play an important role. Recent studies in vitro suggested that Rho kinase, a target protein of Rho, is important in various cellular functions. We thus examined whether Rho kinase is involved in the restenotic changes after balloon injury. In vivo gene transfer was performed immediately after balloon injury in both sides of the porcine femoral arteries with adenoviral vector encoding either a dominant negative form of Rho kinase (AdDNRhoK) or β-galactosidase (AdLacZ) as a control. One week after the transfer, immunohistochemistry confirmed the successful gene expression in the vessel wall, whereas 2 wk after the transfer, Western blotting showed the functional upregulation of Rho kinase at the AdLacZ site and its suppression at the AdDNRhoK site. Angiography showed the development of a stenotic lesion at the AdLacZ site where histological neointimal formation was noted, whereas those changes were significantly suppressed at the AdDNRhoK site. These results indicate that Rho kinase is involved in the pathogenesis of neointimal formation after balloon injury in vivo.
|American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
|Published - Jun 2000
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)