Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand

Fumihiko Yokota, Mark J. Vanlandingham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study compares the levels of both stigma and community support as perceived and experienced by Thai men and women living with HIV/AIDS and investigates individual factors, which can explain the gender differences in stigma and community support in Thailand. Data were collected from 412 members of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) support organizations in Bangkok and Northern Thai provinces in 2000. An assisted, self-administered survey instrument was used. The proportion of respondents who reported perceived stigma from people in their communities was significantly higher among male PLWHAs (46 %) than females PLWHAs (34 %). Male PLWHAs were significantly less likely than female PLWHAs to perceive community support (58 % vs. 73 %) and also to experience community support (15 % vs. 26 %). The multivariate analyses presented here indicate that much of the male disadvantage with regard to HIV-related social stigma and community support in Thailand appears largely due to differences between men and women in the sample; several of these differences are also found in the population of male and female PLWHAs throughout Thailand. These differences include the following: (1) Male PLWHAs had on average more visible AIDS symptoms than females, a factor associated not only with more advanced illness but also increased stigma and less community support; (2) male PLWHAs were less likely than females to be widowed, a factor strongly associated with increased community sympathy and support; and (3) male PLWHAs in our sample were more likely than females to reside in Bangkok, which has more hostile community responses toward PLWHAs than Northern Thai provinces.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS
Subtitle of host publicationA Cross-Cultural Perspective
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9789400763241
ISBN (Print)9400763239, 9789400763234
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


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