Gemfibrozil is a widely used drug prescribed to elevate serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and lower triacylglycerols. The present study was done to determine if the drug would alleviate hypercholesterolemia in exogenously hypercholesterolemic (ExHC) rats. In the drug-treated ExHC rats, the serum non-HDL cholesterol levels were lowered and the ratio of the non HDL cholesterol to serum triacylglycerols was decreased to the extent seen in the drug-treated SD rats. Liver cholesterol and triacylglycerols were lowered in the drug-treated rats. There was also an increase in fecal excretion of neutral sterols and bile acids, particularly chenodeoxycholic and β-muricholic acids. The drug elevated cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activity and mRNA abundance and acyl-CoA cholesterol acyltransferase activity in the liver, but did not influence low-density lipoprotein receptor mRNA level in the liver. Thus, gemfibrozil is effective in alleviating hypercholesterolemia in exogenously hypercholesterolemic rats, by partitioning hepatic cholesterol into biliary excretion. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Inc.
|Number of pages
|Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
|Published - 1998
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology