Gauge problem in the gravitational self-force: Harmonic gauge approach in the Schwarzschild background

Norichika Sago, Hiroyuki Nakano, Misao Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


The metric perturbation induced by a particle in the Schwarzschild background is usually calculated in the Regge-Wheeler (RW) gauge, whereas the gravitational self-force is known to be given by the tail part of the metric perturbation in the harmonic gauge. Thus, to identify the gravitational self-force correctly in a specified gauge, it is necessary to find out a gauge transformation that connects these two gauges. This is called the gauge problem. As a direct approach to solve the gauge problem, we formulate a method to calculate the metric perturbation in the harmonic gauge on the Schwarzschild background. We apply the Fourier-harmonic expansion to the metric perturbation and reduce the problem to the gauge transformation of the Fourier-harmonic coefficients (radial functions) from the RW gauge to the harmonic gauge. We derive a set of decoupled radial equations for the gauge transformation. These equations are found to have a simple second-order form for the odd parity part and the forms of spin [Formula Presented] and 1 Teukolsky equations for the even parity part. As a by-product, we correct typographical errors in Zerilli’s paper and present a set of corrected equations in Appendix A.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Gauge problem in the gravitational self-force: Harmonic gauge approach in the Schwarzschild background'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this