Gauge invariance and systems with second-class constraints

K. Harada, H. Mukaida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


We show that under a certain assumption systems with second-class constraints can be regarded as gauge-fixed systems with first-class constraints. The massive Yang-Mills theory, a point particle on a sphere and the O(N) symmetric non-linear σ-model are considered as concrete examples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-157
Number of pages7
JournalZeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1990
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Gauge invariance and systems with second-class constraints'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this