Activation of the neutrophil NADPH oxidase occurs via assembly of the cytosolic regulatory proteins p47phox, p67phox, and Rac with the membrane-associated flavocytochrome b558. Following cell-free activation, enzymatic activity is highly labile (Tamura, M., Takeshita, M., Curnutte, J. T., Uhlinger, D. J., and Lambeth, J. D. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 7529-7538). To try to stabilize the activity and investigate the nature of the complex, fusion proteins between p47N-(1-286) and p67N-(1-210) were constructed. In a cell-free system, a fusion protein, p67N-p47N, had an 8-fold higher efficiency and produced a higher activity than the individual proteins, and also resulted in an 8-fold improved efficiency for Rac and a lowered Km for NADPH. O2.- generating activity was remarkably stabilized by using p67N-p47N. The cytosolic proteins fused in the opposite orientation, p47N-p67N, showed similar activity and stability as individual proteins, but with a 4-fold improved efficiency compared with the individual cytosolic factors. In the system efficiency for Rac and affinity for NADPH were also higher than those with the nonfused components. Interestingly, the p67N-p47N showed nearly full activation in the absence of an anionic amphifile in a cell-free system containing cytochrome b558 relipidated with phosphatidylinositol- or phosphatidylserine-enriched phospholipid mixtures. From the results we consider multiple roles of anionic amphifiles in a cell-free activation, which could be substituted by our system. The fact that a fusion produces a more stable complex indicates that interactions among components determine the longevity of the complex. Based on the findings we propose a model for the topology among p47N, p67N, and cytochrome b558 in the active complex.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology