Fully Fused Quinoidal/Aromatic Carbazole Macrocycles with Poly-radical Characters

Soumyajit Das, Tun Seng Herng, José L. Zafra, Paula Mayorga Burrezo, Masaaki Kitano, Masatoshi Ishida, Tullimilli Y. Gopalakrishna, Pan Hu, Atsuhiro Osuka, Juan Casado, Jun Ding, David Casanova, Jishan Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


While the chemistry of open-shell singlet diradicaloids has been successfully developed in recent years, the synthesis of π-conjugated systems with poly-radical characters (i.e., beyond diradical) in the singlet ground state has been mostly unsuccessful. In this study, we report the synthesis and isolation of two fully fused macrocycles containing four (4MC) and six (6MC) alternatingly arranged quinoidal/aromatic carbazole units. Ab initio electronic structure calculations and various experimental measurements indicate that both 4MC and 6MC have an open-shell singlet ground state with moderate tetraradical and hexaradical characters, respectively. Both compounds can be thermally populated to high-spin excited states, resulting in weak magnetization at room temperature. Our study represents the first demonstration of singlet π-conjugated molecules with poly-radical characters and also gives some insights into molecular magnetism in neutral π-conjugated polycyclic heteroarenes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7782-7790
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Jun 22 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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