Font Generation with Missing Impression Labels

Seiya Matsuda, Akisato Kimura, Seiichi Uchida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Our goal is to generate fonts with specific impressions, by training a generative adversarial network with a font dataset with impression labels. The main difficulty is that font impression is ambiguous and the absence of an impression label does not always mean that the font does not have the impression. This paper proposes a font generation model that is robust against missing impression labels. The key ideas of the proposed method are (1) a co-occurrence-based missing label estimator and (2) an impression label space compressor. The first is to interpolate missing impression labels based on the co-occurrence of labels in the dataset and use them for training the model as completed label conditions. The second is an encoder-decoder module to compress the high-dimensional impression space into low-dimensional. We proved that the proposed model generates high-quality font images using multi-label data with missing labels through qualitative and quantitative evaluations. Our code is available at

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781665490627
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2022 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Aug 21 2022Aug 25 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Pattern Recognition
ISSN (Print)1051-4651


Conference26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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