Follicle stimulating hormone-β subunit gene is expressed in parallel with a transcription factor Ad4BP/SF-1 in human pituitary adenomas

Shoichiro Ikuyama, Kenji Ohe, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Hiroyuki Nakagaki, Takeo Fukushima, Yukio Kato, Ken Ichirou Morohashi, Ryoichi Takayanagi, Hajime Nawata

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: A transcription factor Ad4BP/SF-1 is implicated in the differentiation of gonadotrophs in the pituitary gland, but it is not known whether human pituitary cells express this factor. The present study aimed to disclose (1) whether human pituitary adenomas express Ad4BP/SF-1, and (2) if this is the case, what kinds of adenoma express the factor. Material: Total RNA was extracted from 23 pituitary adenomas obtained by transsphenoidal surgery, and subjected to Northern blot analyses using cDNAs of bovine Ad4BP/SF-1, porcine FSH-β, LH-β and glycoprotein hormone-α (GPH-α) subunits as radiolabelled probes. These adenomas included 13 clinically non-functioning adenomas, 1 GH/PRL-producing adenoma, 6 GH-producing adenomas, 2 PRL-producing adenomas and 1 ACTH-producing adenoma. Results: The expression of Ad4BP/SF-1 exactly coincided with the expression of FSH-β. Thus 5 out of 13 clinically non-functioning adenomas expressed Ad4BP/SF-1 and only these 5 adenomas expressed FSH-β. Interestingly, only one of the GH-producing adenomas also expressed Ad4BP/SF-1 as well as FSH-β. GPH-α was expressed in 4 non-functioning adenomas and 2 hormonally functioning adenomas, but did not necessarily coincide with Ad4BP/SF-1 expression. None of the 23 adenomas we tested expressed LH-β, probably because LH-β-producing adenomas are rather rare. Conclusions: The expression of FSH-β was parallel with Ad4BP/SF-1 expression, indicating that the expression of Ad4BP/SF-1 is restricted to cells derived from gonadotroph lineages in human pituitary adenomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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