REBa 2 Cu 3 O x (REBCO, RE = rare earth) coated conductors (CCs) are promising as superconducting wires for high-field magnets because of their high in-field critical current density (J c ) performance and high tensile tolerance. Fujikura, Ltd., has been developing BaHfO 3 (BHO)-doped EuBa 2 Cu 3 O x (EuBCO, Eu = Europium) CCs using a hot-wall-type pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) in order to further improve the in-field performance. Although a high deposition rate in the PLD process is necessary for mass production, it has been found that the in-field performance greatly differ depending on the deposition rate. In this study, flux pinning properties of BHO-doped EuBCO CCs fabricated with different deposition rates by the hot-wall PLD on IBAD substrates were investigated in detail. From the scaling characteristics of the flux-pinning force density (F p ) curve, the BHO precipitates in a fast deposition rate REBCO film appeared to behave like random pinning centers, which was almost consistent with a result of transmission electron microscope observation. On the other hand, from a decrease of anisotropy in the magnetic field angle dependence of J c , it was also confirmed that BHO precipitates were not completely random pinning centers, that is, it has some kind of anisotropy. Considering the critical current value per production time, it was also found that the fast deposition rate is advantageous since the REBCO layer could be thicker.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering