Flux pinning characteristics of Smi+xBa2-xCu 3Oy films with the additional c-axis correlated pinning centers

Toshinori Ozaki, Yutaka Yoshida, Yusuke Ichino, Takahiro Harada, Yoshiaki Takai, Kaname Matsumoto, Ataru Ichinose, Shigeru Horii, Masashi Mukaida, Ryusuke Kita

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    It is known that columnar defects comprised of self-organized BaZrO 3 (BZO) nanorods within REBa2Cu3Oy (REBCO) films are attractive as c-axis correlated pinning centers. On the other hand, we have fabricated high-Jc Sm1+xBa 2-aCu3Oy (SmBCO) films including nanosized low-Tc phases by using the low-temperature growth (LTG) technique. In this study, BZO nanorods were added to the LTG-SmBCO film for a further enhancement of the magnetic flux pinning. Additionally, we also deposited a conventional PLD-SmBCO film including BZO nanorods and discussed differences of the flux pinning properties and microstructures between LTG- and PLD-SmBCO films. In a cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image of the BZO doped PLD-SmBCO film, we could see the self-organized BZO nanorods were about 10 nm in diameter, extending along the c-axis of the film. In contrast, in the BZO doped LTG-SmBCO film, the high density BZO nanorods with smaller diameters tended to be short columns and tilted against the c-axis direction. These facts can be attributed to a suppression of the surface diffusion length of adatoms and/or an increase of nucleation frequency due to the low substrate temperature during the growth of the BZO doped LTG-SmBCO film. Furthermore, we concluded that differences of superconducting properties between the BZO doped PLD- and LTG-SmBCO films might be attributed to the difference in the number density of BZO nanorods which generated lattice strain around them.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number4967842
    Pages (from-to)3507-3510
    Number of pages4
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


    Dive into the research topics of 'Flux pinning characteristics of Smi+xBa2-xCu 3Oy films with the additional c-axis correlated pinning centers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this