Flame inertia into lean region in stratified hydrogen mixture

Toshiaki Kitagawa, Hiroyuki Kido, Nozomu Nakamura, Masaya Aishima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In hydrogen engines, the direct-injection stratified charge system has the ability to realize a more lean operation than homogeneous charge systems. Flame propagation into the lean region in the stratified hydrogen mixture was investigated in this study. Hydrogen was injected into a lean hydrogen-air premixed mixture charge of the equivalence ratio of 0.074-0.257. This stratified hydrogen mixture was ignited by an electric spark. The flame generated in the hydrogen jet propagated into the lean premixed mixture charge as if it had "inertia", even though the stoichiometry of the premixed mixture charge was less than the lower flammability limit. The amount of burned hydrogen in the case of a stratified mixture was greater than that in the case of the homogeneous mixture. The flame seems to be supported from behind by the burned gas in the rich region until the decay of this support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1464
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number13-14
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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