Fermionic order by disorder in a van der Waals antiferromagnet

R. Okuma, D. Ueta, S. Kuniyoshi, Y. Fujisawa, B. Smith, C. H. Hsu, Y. Inagaki, W. Si, T. Kawae, H. Lin, F. C. Chuang, T. Masuda, R. Kobayashi, Y. Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


CeTe3 is a unique platform to investigate the itinerant magnetism in a van der Waals (vdW) coupled metal. Despite chemical pressure being a promising route to boost quantum fluctuation in this system, a systematic study on the chemical pressure effect on Ce3+(4f1) states is absent. Here, we report on the successful growth of a series of Se doped single crystals of CeTe3. We found a fluctuation driven exotic magnetic rotation from the usual easy-axis ordering to an unusual hard-axis ordering. Unlike in localized magnetic systems, near-critical magnetism can increase itinerancy hand-in-hand with enhancing fluctuation of magnetism. Thus, seemingly unstable hard-axis ordering emerges through kinetic energy gain, with the self-consistent observation of enhanced magnetic fluctuation (disorder). As far as we recognize, this order-by-disorder process in fermionic system is observed for the first time within vdW materials. Our finding opens a unique experimental platform for direct visualization of the rich quasiparticle Fermi surface deformation associated with the Fermionic order-by-disorder process. Also, the search for emergent exotic phases by further tuning of quantum fluctuation is suggested as a promising future challenge.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15311
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sept 17 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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