Factors Influencing the Improvement of Activities of Daily Living during Inpatient Rehabilitation in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Glioblastoma Multiforme

Keisuke Natsume, Harutoshi Sakakima, Kentaro Kawamura, Akira Yoshida, Shintaro Akihiro, Hajime Yonezawa, Koji Yoshimoto, Megumi Shimodozono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive brain tumor. To identify the factors influencing the improvement of the activities of daily living (ADL) in newly diagnosed patients with GBM, we investigated the characteristics and variable factors and overall survival. A total of 105 patients with GBM were retrospectively analyzed and categorized into the following three groups according to the quartile of change of their Barthel index score from admission to discharge: deterioration (n = 25), no remarkable change (n = 55), and good recovery (n = 25). A statistical difference was observed in the pre-operative, intra-operative, post-operative, and rehabilitation-related factors between the deterioration and good recovery groups. Multiple regression analysis identified the following significant factors that may influence the improvement of ADL after surgery: the improvement of motor paralysis after surgery, mild fatigue during radio and chemotherapy, and length up to early walking training onset. The median overall survival was significantly different between the deterioration (10.6 months) and good recovery groups (18.9 months, p = 0.025). Our findings identified several factors that may be associated with post-operative functional improvement in patients with GBM. The inpatient rehabilitation during radio and chemotherapy may be encouraged without severe adverse events and can promote functional outcomes, which may contribute to the overall survival of newly diagnosed patients with GBM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number417
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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