Fabrication of transparent Y2O3 ceramics by two-step spark plasma sintering

Ji Hwoan Lee, Byung Nam Kim, Byung Koog Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Transparent Y2O3 ceramics were successfully fabricated by spark plasma sintering applying a two-step pressure and heating profile. Through the shrinkage curve of the single-step SPS profile, it was confirmed that shrinkage occurred at 800°C–1250°C, and it was selected as the two-step pressure profile. After the first-step SPS stage at 1250°C, the second-step SPS stage, which had the highest real in-line transmittance, was completed at 1500°C. The two-step SPS profile improved the shrinkage behavior and was able to achieve sufficient densification without excessive coarsening. As a result, the normalized real in-line transmittance to 1 mm was 80.6% at 1100 nm, which is close to the theoretical transmittance of 81.6%. The two-step pressure and heating profile in the SPS process was a significant advantage in manufacturing ceramics that were transparent and had sufficient densification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5501-5508
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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