Fabrication and properties of nonreducible lead-free piezoelectric Mn-doped (Ba,Ca)TiO3 ceramics

Wataru Sakamoto, Kouta Noritake, Hiroki Ichikawa, Koichiro Hayashi, Toshinobu Yogo

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Nonreducible lead-free (Ba,Ca)TiO3 piezoceramics were fabricated by controlling the level of Mn doping. Similar to Mn-doped (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 ceramics sintered in air, stable dielectric properties with temperature change were achieved for the nonreducible sample by stabilizing the tetragonal phase of BaTiO3 over a wide temperature range. In addition, optimization of the level of Mn doping was very effective in improving the sintered density and electrical resistivity for (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 ceramics sintered under a low oxygen partial pressure. The valence state of doped Mn in nonreducible (Ba,Ca)TiO3 after sintering was confirmed to be Mn2+ or Mn3+ by electron spin resonance analysis. Sintered bodies of 1 mol% Ba excess and 1 mol% Mn-doped (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3, which were sintered at 1350 °C in a H2(0.3%)/Ar atmosphere, exhibited sufficient sintered density and resistivity to allow the characterization of several electrical properties. The ferroelectric, field-induced strain, and piezoelectric properties of the nonreducible (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 ceramics sintered in the reducing atmosphere were comparable with those of (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 samples sintered in air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S166-S171
JournalCeramics International
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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