We recently reported that the number of γδ T cells was increased after infection with Escherichia coli in C3H/HeN mice. We here showed that an i.p. injection with native lipid A derived from E. coli induced an increase of γδ T cells in the peritoneal cavity of LPS-responsive C3H/HeN mice and, albeit to a lesser degree, also in LPS-hyporesponsive C3H/HeJ mice. The purified γδ T cells from C3H/HeN and C3H/HeJ mice expressed a canonical TCR repertoire encoded by Vγ6-Jγ1/Vδ1-Dδ2-Jδ2 gene segments and proliferated in response to the native lipid A derived from E. coli in a TCR-independent manner. The lipid A-reactive γδ T cells bearing canonical Vγ6/Vδ1 expressed Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 mRNA, while TLR4 mRNA was undetectable. Treatment with a TLR2 anti-sense oligonucleotide resulted in hyporesponsiveness of the γδ T cells to the native lipid A. TLR2-deficient mice showed an impaired increase of the γδ T cells following injection of native lipid A. These results suggest that TLR2 is involved in the activation of canonical Vγ6/Vδ1 T cells by native E. coli lipid A.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy