Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) are both involved in the regulation of bone and cartilage metabolisms and their interaction has been reported in osteoblasts. To investigate the interaction of PTHrP and IGF-I during fracture healing, the expression of mRNA for PTHrP and IGF-I, and receptors for PTH/PTHrP and IGF were examined during rat femoral fracture healing using an in situ hybridization method and an immunohistochemistry method, respectively. During intramembranous ossification, PTHrP mRNA, IGF-I mRNA and IGF receptors were detected in preosteoblasts, differentiated osteoblasts and osteocytes in the newly formed trabecular bone. PTH/PTHrP receptors were markedly detected in osteoblasts and osteocytes, but only barely so in preosteoblasts. During cartilaginous callus formation, PTHrP mRNA was expressed by mesenchymal cells and proliferating chondrocytes. PTH/PTHrP receptors were detected in proliferating chondrocytes and early hypertrophic chondrocytes. IGF-I mRNA and IGF receptor were co-expressed by mesenchymal cells, proliferating chondrocytes, and early hypertrophic chondrocytes. At the endochondral ossification front, osteoblasts were positive for PTHrP and IGF-I mRNA as well as their receptors. These results suggest that IGF-I is involved in cell proliferation or differentiation in mesenchymal cells, periosteal cells, osteoblasts and chondrocytes in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. Furthermore, PTHrP may be involved in primary callus formation presumably co-operating with IGF-I in osteoblasts and osteocytes, and by regulating chondrocyte differentiation in endochondral ossification.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine