Expression of parathyroid hormone-related peptide and insulin-like growth factor I during rat fracture healing

Ken Okazaki, Seiya Jingushi, Takashi Ikenoue, Ken Urabe, Hiroaki Sakai, Yukihide Iwamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) are both involved in the regulation of bone and cartilage metabolisms and their interaction has been reported in osteoblasts. To investigate the interaction of PTHrP and IGF-I during fracture healing, the expression of mRNA for PTHrP and IGF-I, and receptors for PTH/PTHrP and IGF were examined during rat femoral fracture healing using an in situ hybridization method and an immunohistochemistry method, respectively. During intramembranous ossification, PTHrP mRNA, IGF-I mRNA and IGF receptors were detected in preosteoblasts, differentiated osteoblasts and osteocytes in the newly formed trabecular bone. PTH/PTHrP receptors were markedly detected in osteoblasts and osteocytes, but only barely so in preosteoblasts. During cartilaginous callus formation, PTHrP mRNA was expressed by mesenchymal cells and proliferating chondrocytes. PTH/PTHrP receptors were detected in proliferating chondrocytes and early hypertrophic chondrocytes. IGF-I mRNA and IGF receptor were co-expressed by mesenchymal cells, proliferating chondrocytes, and early hypertrophic chondrocytes. At the endochondral ossification front, osteoblasts were positive for PTHrP and IGF-I mRNA as well as their receptors. These results suggest that IGF-I is involved in cell proliferation or differentiation in mesenchymal cells, periosteal cells, osteoblasts and chondrocytes in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. Furthermore, PTHrP may be involved in primary callus formation presumably co-operating with IGF-I in osteoblasts and osteocytes, and by regulating chondrocyte differentiation in endochondral ossification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-520
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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