A cDNA encoding glutathione S-transferase (GST) of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea, was cloned by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The resulting clone (hcGST) was sequenced and deduced for amino acid sequence, which revealed 87, 59, and 42% identities to Sigma-class GSTs from Bombyx mori, Manduca sexta, and Blattella germanica respectively. A recombinant hcGST protein (rhcGST) was functionally overexpressed in Escherichia coli cells in a soluble form and purified to homogeneity. rhcGST retained more than 75% of its original GST activity after incubation at pHs 6 to 11. Incubation for 30 min at temperatures below 50°C scarcely affected the activity. rhcGST was able to catalyze the reaction of glutathione with 1- chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, a universal substrate for GST, as well as with 4-hydroxynonenal, a product of lipid peroxidation. We also found that as compared to B. mori Sigma-class GST, rhcGST had a higher affinity for fenitrothion, an organophosphorus insecticide.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry