Explosive nucleosynthesis in hypernovae

Takayoshi Nakamura, Hideyuki Umeda, Koichi Iwamoto, Ken'ichi Nomoto, Masa Aki Hashimoto, W. Raphael Hix, Friedrich Karl Thielemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)


We examine the characteristics of nucleosynthesis in "hypernovae," i.e., supernovae with very large explosion energies (≳1052 ergs). We carry out detailed nucleosynthesis calculations for these energetic explosions and compare the yields with those of ordinary core-collapse supernovae. We find that both complete and incomplete Si-burning takes place over more extended, lower density regions, so that the α-rich freezeout is enhanced and produces more Ti in comparison with ordinary supernova nucleosynthesis. In addition, oxygen and carbon burning takes place in more extended, lower density regions than in ordinary supernovae. Therefore, the fuel elements O, C, and Al are less abundant, while a larger amount of Si, S, Ar, and Ca ("Si") are synthesized by oxygen burning; this leads to larger ratios of "Si"/O in the ejecta. Enhancement of the mass ratio between complete and incomplete Si-burning regions in the ejecta may explain the abundance ratios among iron-peak elements in metal-poor stars. Also the enhanced "Si"/O ratio may explain the abundance ratios observed in star burst galaxies. We also discuss other implications of enhanced [Ti/Fe] and [Fe/O] for Galactic chemical evolution and the abundances of low-mass black hole binaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)880-899
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 10 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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