The use of metalworking fluids during machining can generate oil mist and endanger the health of workers. In order to study the characteristics and emission laws of oil mist generated by machining, this study constructed a test bench to simulate the turning process. Parameters affecting the oil mist generated in the minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) mode and flood cooling mode were studied by means of single-factor experiments, and the formation mechanisms of oil mist were analyzed. The results show that the oil mist generated by the MQL system has two main sources, the initial escape of oil mist into the air and the evaporation/condensation of oil mist. The centrifugation has almost no effect on oil mist formation in the MQL mode. The mass concentration of oil mist generated by the MQL system is proportional to the cutting oil flow rate. When the work-piece is at room temperature, increasing the air supply pressure and nozzle distance, increases the oil mist mass concentration. For the flood cooling mode, the concentration of centrifugal aerosol is linearly and positively correlated with the relative centrifugal force generated by the work-piece, and the coefficient of determination (R2) is above 0.97. The oil mist mass concentrations in MQL mode is 8.33 mg/m3~ 305.88 mg/m3. The MMD and SMD are 0.74 µm to 4.42 µm and 0.31 µm to 2.14 µm, respectively. The oil mist mass concentrations in flood cooling mode is 0.2 mg/m3~ 22.42 mg/m3. The MMD and SMD are 1.81 µm to 6.58 µm and 0.45 µm to 5.13 µm, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Building and Construction
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Civil and Structural Engineering