This paper is to investigate the effect of cyclic shear direction (or phase difference) on the accumulation of excess pore water pressure during cyclic shear and on the recompression after cyclic shear. Several series of uni-directional and multi-directional cyclic simple shear tests under undrained condition were carried out for normally consolidated Kaolin. From the test results it is shown that the accumulation of pore water pressure and the post-cyclic settlement increase with the shear strain amplitude and the phase difference. The values of the shear strain amplitude at which the effect of cyclic shear direction is most significant, decrease with the increase of the number of cycles. The change of the void ratio in the recompression stage increases approximately in proportion to the logarithm of the stress reduction ratio and is not affected by the shear strain amplitude. For multi-directional cyclic shear, this change of the void ratio depends on the phase difference and the number of cycles. The cyclic recompression indices in the recompression stage were obtained for uni-directional and multi-directional cyclic shears. The cyclic shear induced settlement can be calculated by using these indices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology