Excellent Restoration of Left Ventricular Compliance After Prolonged Del Nido Single-Dose Cardioplegia in an In Vivo Piglet Model

Mitsutaka Nakao, Kiyozo Morita, Gen Shinohara, Takashi Kunihara

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Del Nido cardioplegia (DN) is used in congenital heart surgery and recently in adults, a single dose has been administered. However, the tolerable ischemic time has not been established. The objective is to evaluate the left ventricular (LV) function recovery and accompanying biochemical and histologic markers to clarify the tolerable ischemic time in an in vivo cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) piglet model. Twenty-one piglets were subjected to either 90 minutes (with or without topical cooling; TC) or 120 minutes (with TC) of global ischemia induced by single-dose DN, while the other 7 served as the control group (CPB only). The CPB temperature was established with a perfusion temperature of 30°C. The LV function recovery was assessed by the percent change in end-systolic elastance (Ees) and the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship (EDPVR). Creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) levels and the mitochondrial score were also assessed. LV contractility assessed by %Ees after 90 and 120 minutes of ischemia (89.3 ± 20.6% and 57.9 ± 17.8%) was lower compared with the control group (122.6 ± 35.8%, P = 0.001). Conversely, LV compliance assessed by %EDPVR was preserved in both groups (102.7 ± 28.2% and 88.5 ± 24.0%), which was comparable to the control group (105.8 ± 36.9%, P = 0.531). There was no change in LV contractility after 90 minutes of ischemia with or without TC (89.3 ± 20.6% or 84.8 ± 16.2%, P = 0.657), whereas LV compliance was lower but not statistically different without TC (102.7 ± 28.2% vs 78.0 ± 38.9%). CK-MB and the mitochondrial score were equivalent between all groups. The proposed single-dose ischemic time for redosing is 90 minutes using TC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-483
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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