Evolutionary screening of collagen-like peptides that nucleate hydroxyapatite crystals

Woo Jae Chung, Ki Young Kwon, Jie Song, Seung Wuk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The biogenesis of inorganic/organic composite materials such as bone typically involves the process of templated mineralization. Biomimetic synthesis of bone-like materials therefore requires the development of organic scaffolds that mediate mineralization of hydroxyapatite (HAP), the major inorganic component of bone. Using phage display, we identified a 12-residue peptide that bound to single-crystal HAP and templated the nucleation and growth of crystalline HAP mineral in a sequence- and composition-dependent manner. The sequence responsible for the mineralizing activity resembled the tripeptide repeat (Gly-Pro-Hyp) of type I collagen, a major component of bone extracellular matrix. Using a panel of synthetic peptides, we defined the structural features required for mineralizing activity. The results support a model for the cooperative noncovalent interaction of the peptide with HAP and suggest that native collagen may have a mineral-templating function in vivo. We expect this short HAP-binding peptide to be useful in the synthesis of three-dimensional bone-like materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7620-7628
Number of pages9
JournalLangmuir
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 21 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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