The receptor tyrosine kinase MET and its ligand HGF are known to be overexpressed in malignant tumor cells, and they have been implicated in gefitinib resistance in lung cancer cells. We recently found that sorting nexin 1 (SNX1), a protein that interacts with EGFR, exhibited negative regulation of EGFR trafficking out of early to late endosomes in gefitinib-resistant NSCLC cell lines. To investigate the role of SNX1 on HGF-stimulated MET endocytosis and its downregulation via the early/late endocytic pathway, we examined the effect of depletion of SNX1 expression by siRNA in NSCLC cells. Using immunofluorescence, we found that the silencing of SNX1 by siRNA caused a dramatic change in the intracellular distribution of plasma membrane-associated MET and that the resultant MET staining was spread throughout the cytoplasm, and it co-localized well with the endocytosed Texas red-labeled transferrin in the siRNA-SNX1-transfected cells. We also found efficient MET phosphorylation and rapid endocytic delivery of phosphorylated MET from early endosomes to late endosomes in the siRNA-SNX1-transfected cells. By contrast, the siRNA-control transfected cells showed inefficient endocytic delivery of phosphorylated MET from early endosomes to late endosomes. Furthermore, large amounts of phosphorylated MET that had accumulated in late endosomes were seen even after 60 min of HGF-stimulation in the presence of bafilomycin A1, indicating that degradation of phosphorylated MET proceeds in a late endosome/lysosome pathway. Western blot analysis revealed that depletion of SNX1 by siRNA induced a maximal and dramatic increase in phosphorylated MET at 60 min, followed by an accelerated degradation of phosphorylated MET after HGF stimulation in the cells. Taken together, we suggest that SNX1 plays a suppressive role in the regulation of HGF-stimulated MET/phosphorylated MET endocytosis and downregulation via the early/late endocytic pathway in the gefitinib-resistant NSCLC cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research