Evaluation of Ductal Tissue in Coarctation of the Aorta Using X-Ray Phase-Contrast Tomography

Ryuma Iwaki, Hironori Matsuhisa, Susumu Minamisawa, Toru Akaike, Masato Hoshino, Naoto Yagi, Kiyozo Morita, Gen Shinohara, Yukihiro Kaneko, Syuichi Yoshitake, Masashi Takahashi, Takuro Tsukube, Yoshihiro Oshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We assessed the histological accuracy of X-ray phase-contrast tomography (XPCT) and investigated three-dimensional (3D) ductal tissue distribution in coarctation of the aorta (CoA) specimens. We used nine CoA samples, including the aortic isthmus, ductus arteriosus (DA), and their confluences. 3D images were obtained using XPCT. After scanning, the samples were histologically evaluated using elastica van Gieson (EVG) staining and transcription factor AP-2 beta (TFAP2B) immunostaining. XPCT sectional images clearly depicted ductal tissue distribution as low-density areas. In comparison with EVG staining, the mass density of the aortic wall positively correlated with elastic fiber formation (R = 0.69, P < 0.001). TFAP2B expression was consistent with low-density area including intimal thickness on XPCT images. On 3D imaging, the distances from the DA insertion to the distal terminal of the ductal media and to the intima on the ductal side were 1.63 ± 0.22 mm and 2.70 ± 0.55 mm, respectively. In the short-axis view, the posterior extension of the ductal tissue into the aortic lumen was 79 ± 18% of the diameter of the descending aorta. In three specimens, the aortic wall was entirely occupied by ductal tissue. The ductal intima spread more distally and laterally than the ductal media. The contrast resolution of XPCT images was comparable to that of histological assessment. Based on the 3D images, we conclude that complete resection of intimal thickness, including the opposite side of the DA insertion, is required to eliminate residual ductal tissue and to prevent postoperative re-coarctation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-661
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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