Error and individual difference in cardiovascular responses to orthostatic stress in humans

Keita Ishibashi, Takafumi Maeda, Shigekazu Higuchi, Akira Yasukouchi

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    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Variations in cardiovascular responses to orthostatic stress were investigated in terms of physiological polymorphism. Variations of physiological measurements are subdivided into individual differences and measurement errors. However, individual differences are often considered to be an error in statistical analysis due to its limitations in experimental design. In order to discuss about the relative contribution of individual difference in cardiovascular responses to postural changes, percent contribution (PC) was estimated using the Taguchi method. Six healthy male adults (age range: 21-27) were subjected to orthostatic stress by inducing a postural inclination of 60° head-up-tilting to the horizontal, and the responses were measured thrice in each subject on different days. The respective changes of heart rate (HR) and stroke volume (SV) in the period from the resting supine to the head-up-tilt position were significantly increased (p<0.01) and decreased (p<0.01) without affecting the mean blood pressure (MBP). The PC of individual difference in HR showed a significantly higher ratio of individual difference during the head-up-tilt (71.4-76.2%) compared with supine rest (0.0-50.4%). While the main variations of HR during supine rest were not the individual differences between the subjects, the day-to-day differences within the subject were significant. The PC of individual differences in MBP and SV constantly displayed a significant difference between the subjects. These results suggest that the strategy for maintaining stable cardiovascular regulation may be different even in normal subjects. In the perspective of physiological parameters, PC monitoring may serve as an empirical approach to evaluate physiological polymorphism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)339-343
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of physiological anthropology and applied human science
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General Social Sciences


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