Equation of state for neutron stars with hyperons using a variational method

H. Togashi, E. Hiyama, Y. Yamamoto, M. Takano

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34 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the effects of the odd-state part of bare ΛΛ interactions on the structure of neutron stars (NSs) by constructing equations of state (EOSs) for uniform nuclear matter containing Λ and Σ- hyperons with use of the cluster variational method. The isoscalar part of the Argonne v18 two-nucleon potential and the Urbana IX three-nucleon potential are employed as the interactions between nucleons, whereas, as the bare ΛN and even-state ΛΛ interactions, two-body central potentials that are determined so as to reproduce the experimental data on single- and double-Λ hypernuclei are adopted. In addition, the Σ-N interaction is constructed so as to reproduce the empirical single-particle potential of Σ- in symmetric nuclear matter. Since the odd-state part of the ΛΛ interaction is not known owing to lack of experimental data, we construct four EOSs of hyperonic nuclear matter, each with a different odd-state part of the ΛΛ interaction. The EOS obtained for NS matter becomes stiffer as the odd-state ΛΛ interaction becomes more repulsive, and correspondingly the maximum mass of NSs increases. It is interesting that the onset density of Σ- depends strongly on the repulsion of the odd-state ΛΛ interaction. Furthermore, we take into account the three-baryon repulsive force to obtain results that are consistent with observational data on heavy NSs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review C
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 31 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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