Lipid modification of proteins plays a significant role in the activation of cellular signals such as proliferation. Thus, the demand for lipidated proteins is rising. However, getting a high yield and purity of lipidated proteins has been challenging. We developed a strategy for modifying proteins with a wide variety of synthetic lipids using microbial transglutaminase (MTG), which catalyzes the cross-linking reaction between a specific glutamine (Q) in a protein and lysine (K) in the lipid-fused peptide. The synthesized lipid-G3S-MRHKGS lipid (lipid: fatty acids, tocopherol, lithocholic acid, cholesterol) was successfully conjugated to a protein fused with LLQG (Q-tagged protein) by an MTG reaction, yielding >90 % conversion of the Q-tagged protein in a lipidated form. The purified lipid–protein conjugates were used for labeling the cell membrane in vitro, resulting in best-anchoring ability of cholesterol modification. Furthermore, in situ cell-surface decoration with the protein was established in a simple manner: subjection of cells to a mixture of cholesterol-fused peptides, Q-tagged proteins and MTG.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry