Environmental policies for agriculture in Europe

Takashi Toyoda, Shunsuke Managi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study analyses the environmental policies in Europe and particularly in Netherlands. Comprehensive analysis of their policy package, which includes environmental taxes, tax exemptions, and the voluntary environmental agreement are provided. Each method does seem to show significant effects to reduce the environmental bads. This paper also presents an economic analysis of the glasshouse horticulture industry in Netherlands focusing on direct and dynamic effects, where direct effect refers to strengthen the cost competitiveness of the industry and dynamic effect refers to the incentives on technological innovations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-192
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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