Environmental and possible genetic contributions to character dimensions of personality

Yutaka Ono, Kimio Yoshimura, Hiroko Mizushima, Hiroshi Manki, Gohei Yagi, Shigenobu Kanba, Jeffery Nathan, Masahiro Asai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The relationship between dimensions of personality characteristics and the perceived rearing attitude of parents in the Japanese population were investigated. The scores on a measure of perceived parental attitude of 153 normal female students, measured on the Parker Parental Bonding Instrument, were correlated with personality features from the Japanese version of the Cloninger Temperament and Character Inventory. Self-directedness, especially the subclasses of Responsibility vs Blaming and Congruent Second Nature vs Incongruent Habits, was significantly related to high scores on Maternal Care and low scores on Maternal Overprotection. The subscale of Self-acceptance vs Self-striving correlated only with low scores on Maternal Overprotection. Paternal Care was only related to the total scale scores on Self-directedness. Results suggest that some personality traits may be related to the perceived attitudes of parents, especially of the mother, during childhood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-696
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Reports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Psychology


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