Entry Compression Wave Generated by a High-Speed Train Entering a Tunnel.

Shinya Mashimo, Eiji Nakatsu, Toshiyuki Aoki, Kazuyasu Matsuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A high-speed train entering a tunnel generates a compression wave ahead of it. The wave is propagated through the tunnel and causes an impulsive noise when it arrives at the tunnel exit. The magnitude of impulsive noise from the tunnel exit is proportional to the maximum time rate of pressure change of the compression wave reaching the exit, according to the aeroacoustic theory. From this point of view, it is important to clarify the formation mechanism and the waveform of the compression wave generated at the entrance of the tunnel. In this paper, the entry compression waves are measured in actual high-speed train/tunnel systems and the results are compared with the theoretical values. Then the formation mechanism of the entry compression waves is clarified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3720-3727
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Issue number590
Publication statusPublished - 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Entry Compression Wave Generated by a High-Speed Train Entering a Tunnel.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this