In the process of triplet-triplet upconversion (TTU), a bright excited singlet can be generated because of the collision of two dark excited triplets. In particular, the efficiency of TTU is crucial for achieving a high exciton production yield in blue fluorescence organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) beyond the theoretical limit. While the theoretical upper limit of TTU contribution yield is expected to be 60%, blue OLEDs with the maximum TTU contribution are still scarce. Herein, we present a proof of concept for realizing the maximum TTU contribution yield in blue OLEDs, achieved through the doping of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) molecules in the carrier recombination zone. The bipolar carrier transport ability of TADF materials enables direct carrier recombination on the molecules, resulting in the expansion of the recombination zone. Although the external electroluminescence quantum efficiency of OLEDs is slightly lower than that of conventional TTU-OLEDs due to the low photoluminescence quantum yield of the doped layer, the TTU efficiency approaches the upper limit. Furthermore, the operational device lifetime of OLEDs employing TADF molecules increased by five times compared to the conventional ones, highlighting the expansion of the recombination zone as a crucial factor for enhancing overall OLED performance in TTU-OLEDs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)