Enhancement of critical heat flux using spherical porous bodies in saturated pool boiling of nanofluid

Shoji Mori, Fumihisa Yokomatsu, Yoshio Utaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


One strategy to address severe nuclear accidents is the in-vessel retention (IVR) of corium debris. IVR consists of the external cooling of the reactor vessel to remove the decay heat from the molten core through the lower head of the vessel. However, heat removal is limited by the occurrence of the critical heat flux (CHF) condition at the outer surface of the reactor vessel. Therefore, we propose a CHF enhancement technique in a saturated pool boiling by the attachment of a honeycomb porous plate (HPP) on the heated surface. However, the reactor vessel on which to install the HPP exhibits curvature, so the key to realizing IVR depends on the placement of the HPP on the curved surface of the reactor vessel. Accordingly, we propose an approach using porous cellulose beads and a nanofluid. Consequently, for the combination of the nanofluid (TiO2, 0.1 vol%) and spherical porous bodies, the CHF is demonstrated to be enhanced by up to a maximum factor of two compared to that of a plain surface of distilled water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-230
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Nov 5 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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