Enhanced pool boiling of ethanol on wettability-patterned surfaces

Biao Shen, Takeshi Hamazaki, Wei Ma, Naoki Iwata, Sumitomo Hidaka, Atsushi Takahara, Koji Takahashi, Yasuyuki Takata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the considerably reduced boiling point, organic fluids such as ethanol provide an attractive alternative to water as the working fluid in two-phase thermal management systems for high-heat-flux applications. The state-of-the-art enhancement methods for ethanol boiling normally involve surface structure engineering. Here we report, for the first time, enhancement of nucleate boiling of ethanol using wettability-patterned surfaces. By depositing onto a polished copper surface an array of circular spots of superamphiphobic coating of modified halloysite nanotubes (HNT) with fluoropolymer, which was shown to repel low-surface-tension fluids, we managed to create a meaningful biphilic pattern of alternating hydrophobicity (with ethanol contact angle exceeding 100°) and hydrophilicity (with contact angle close to 0°) on the surface. Boiling heat transfer was found to be improved dramatically on the coated surface. Specifically, the onset of nucleate boiling was found to drop by more than 35%. Moreover, at 20 K surface superheat (above the boiling point), a maximum heat transfer enhancement over 300% compared with a plain copper surface occurred on the surface with a pitch-to-spot ratio close to 2.5. The significantly increased heat transfer rate of the biphilic surfaces could be attributed to facilitated bubble nucleation and stronger agitation effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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