Morus alba L. has been used in Asian traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory, anti-asthmatic, anthelmintic and as a whitening agent in cosmetic products. Mulberroside A is the major active compound from M. Alba root bark. In this study, cell suspension and root cultures of M. Alba were established, and the effect of the elicitors on the enhancement of mulberroside A production in M. Alba was investigated. The cell suspension and root cultures of M. Alba were exposed to elicitors and then mulberroside A contents were determined by an indirect competitive ELISA method. High levels of mulberroside A were obtained by addition of 100 and 200 μM salicylic acid with 24 h exposure time in cell suspension cultures (37.9 ± 1.5 and 34.0 ± 4.7 mg/g dry wt., respectively). Furthermore, addition of yeast extract at 2 mg/mL with 24 h exposure time can significantly increase mulberroside A contents from both cell suspension (3.2-fold) and root cultures (6.6-fold). Mulberroside A contents from both cell suspension and root cultures after treatment with elicitors are similar or higher than those found in the intact root and root bark of several years old M. Alba. These results indicate that mulberry tissue cultures using the elicitation method are interesting alternative sources for mulberroside A production.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science
- Drug Discovery
- Complementary and alternative medicine