Tin oxide (SnO2) hollow nanofibers doped with cerium oxide (CeOx) were synthesized to study the impact of CeO2 additives on their chemical sensing response. X-ray diffraction analysis and Raman scattering spectroscopic analysis showed that crystallization of CeO 2 in the fiber composites was observed only when the Ce concentration was greater than 6 mol%. Also, maximum sensing response to ethanol was seen in the fiber composites with 6 mol% addition of Ce. Accordingly, we have discussed the possible explanations for this, including the role of crystalline CeO 2 as a surface catalyst, and the role of hydrogen liberated during the dehydrogenation reaction of ethanol diffusing into the SnO2 lattice. The results obtained in this study indicate that SnO 2-CeO2 nanofiber composites are potential candidates for use as high-sensitivity gas sensors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry