Coenzyme B12 serves as a cofactor for enzymatic radical reactions. The essential steps in all the coenzyme B12-dependent rearrangements are two hydrogen abstraction steps: Hydrogen abstraction of the adenosyl radical from substrates, and hydrogen back abstraction (recombination) of a product-derived radical from 5′-deoxyadenosine. The energetic feasibility of these hydrogen abstraction steps in the diol dehyratase reaction was examined by theoretical calculations with a protein-free, simplified model at the B3LYP/6-311G* level of density functional theory. Activation energies for the hydrogen abstraction and recombination with 1,2-propanediol as substrate are 9.0 and 15.1 kcal/mol, respectively, and essentially not affected by coordination of the substrate and the radical intermediate to K+. Since these energies can be considered to be supplied by the substrate-binding energy, the computational results with this simplified model indicate that the hydrogen abstraction and recombination in the coenzyme B12-dependent diol dehydratase reaction are energetically feasible.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology