Endpoint colorimetric method for assaying total cholesterol in serum with cholesterol dehydrogenase

Yuzo Kayamori, Hiroyuki Hatsuyama, Tadayoshi Tsujioka, Masato Nasu, Yoshiaki Katayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Various methods are available to measure serum cholesterol concentrations. Of these, the cholesterol ester hydrolase (CEH)-cholesterol oxidase-peroxidase chromogenic method is widely used. However, this method has the disadvantage of interference by reducing substances. We developed and evaluated an endpoint assay for serum cholesterol, based on a CEH-cholesterol dehydrogenase (CDH)-ultraviolet method. Methods: Cholesterol esters are first hydrolyzed to free cholesterol by CEH. The free cholesterol is then reduced by CDH to cholest-4-ene-3-one with the simultaneous production of β-NADH from β-NAD+. At equilibrium, the CDH reaction gives incomplete conversion of cholesterol to cholest-4-ene-3-one. To overcome this disadvantage, we added hydrazine monohydrate to the reaction mixture to remove cholest-4-ene- 3-one, which allowed the reaction to proceed to completion and gave stoichiometric production of β-NADH from the reaction of β-NAD+ with cholesterol. Results: We tested whether the amount of cholesterol added was equivalent to the absorbance change of NADH at 340 nm with six aqueous samples. Recoveries were 97.1-100.3%. The reaction was linear up to 20.28 mmol/L. The mean within-day (n = 20) and between-day (n = 10) imprecision (CV) was 0.29-0.43% and 0.22-0.61%, respectively. No interference by bilirubin, hemoglobin, ascorbic acid, and other reducing agents was observed. The equation obtained in comparison with the modified Abell-Levy-Brodie- Kendall method was: y = 0.992x - 0.0058 mmol/L; r = 0.997; S(y|x) = 0.117 mmol/L; n = 50. Conclusion: This method is an accurate, reliable method for serum cholesterol analysis and is amenable to automation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2158-2163
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Chemistry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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