Encapsulation of bimetallic nanoparticles into a metal-organic framework: Preparation and microstructure characterization of Pd/Au@ZIF-8

Christoph Rösler, Daniel Esken, Christian Wiktor, Hirokazu Kobayashi, Tomokazu Yamamoto, Syo Matsumura, Hiroshi Kitagawa, Roland A. Fischer

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47 Citations (Scopus)


The zinc-imidazolate-based framework ZIF-8 was loaded with preformed surfactant-stabilized bimetallic Pd/Au nanoparticles and its corresponding monometallic counterparts Au and Pd by a controlled encapsulation process during the ZIF-8 crystal growth. The nanoparticle-loaded materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), FTIR spectroscopy, N2-sorption measurements, as well as by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The ZIF-8 matrix material remained intact and the NP@ZIF-8 materials revealed the permanent porosity of Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas above 1100 m2 g-1. The nanoparticles are exclusively found inside the volume of the nanocrystals and exhibit unchanged composition and size distribution as revealed by TEM investigations. Additionally, scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) confirmed the solid solution-type alloying of Pd and Au in the embedded Pd/Au nanoparticles. The materials were briefly evaluated in aqueous-phase aerobic alcohol oxidation to investigate the synergetic effects of alloyed Pd/Au nanoparticles and the microporous, hydrophobic matrix ZIF-8. The imidazolate-based framework ZIF-8 was loaded with catalytically active mono- and bimetallic nanoparticles (Au, Pd, Pd/Au) by a seed-and-growth concept. Characterization of the synthesized materials was carried out by powder X-ray diffraction, N2 sorption, and advanced transmission electron microscopy. The catalytic activity towards aerobic alcohol oxidations was studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5514-5521
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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