Enabling High-Performance Surfaces of Biodegradable Magnesium Alloys via Femtosecond Laser Shock Peening with Ultralow Pulse Energy

Wenbo Wang, Chang Yu Hung, Leslie Howe, Jia Chen, Kaiwen Wang, Vinh X. Ho, Shannon Lenahan, Mitsuhiro Murayama, Nguyen Q. Vinh, Wenjun Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fast degradation rate and poor wear resistance of magnesium (Mg) alloys in physiological environments have limited their potential usage as next-generation biodegradable orthopedic implant materials. In this work, femtosecond laser shock peening (fs-LSP) was successfully applied to simultaneously improve the surface mechanical, corrosion, and tribocorrosion properties of WE43 Mg alloys in blood bank buffered saline solution at body temperature. Specifically, the treated surfaces of WE43 Mg alloys via fs-LSP with ultralow pulse energy were investigated under different power densities, confining mediums, and absorbent materials. It was found that the combination of a black tape and a quartz layer gave the optimum peening effect under a power density of 28 GW/cm2, which simultaneously strengthened the surface and reduced the corrosion kinetics. In addition, a rapid self-repassivation was observed in fs-LSP-treated WE43 surfaces during tribocorrosion, promising sustained corrosion resistance under mechanical loading, critical to the reliability of load-bearing implants. Finally, the subsurface microstructural evolution and residual stress development in WE43 after fs-LSP were discussed based on the results from transmission electron microscopy analysis and finite element simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7903-7912
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Bio Materials
Volume4
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials

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