Emergency icons applied to full scale fire emergency evacuation simulation featuring various scenarios

Chieh Hsin Tang, Hung Yi Hsiao, Yu Chang Lin, Chin Hsing Huang, Ying Hung Chuang, Ying Ji Chuang, Ching Yuan Lin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Current exit signs placed high above fire exits will be sheltered soon and lose its function as indicators for emergency evacuation routes due to the smoke produced during a fire. This study was conducted by configuring a supplementary evacuation sign appliance in a full scale space. A series of evacuation simulations with different scenarios (no smoke visible, smoke visible) was performed based on findings in earlier studies in order to examine the effectiveness of the supplementary sign in a full scale space, and further compare the different effects of supplementary signs between full scale and virtual reality experiments. Experiment results suggest that the supplementary sign may still provide a satisfactory emergency evacuation route in smoke, even if it is obscured by the smoke. Furthermore, a virtual reality experiment may be substituted for a full scale experiment if the sample consists of the general public and is in a normal distribution.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)291-307
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Applied Fire Science
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
    • Condensed Matter Physics


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