Electronic states and modulation doping of hexagonal boron nitride trilayers

Taishi Haga, Yuuto Matsuura, Yoshitaka Fujimoto, Susumu Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We study the stabilities and geometric and electronic properties of hexagonal boron nitride trilayers by using first-principles electronic-structure calculations within the framework of the density functional theory. From the results of total-energy calculations, we reveal the relative stabilities for various stacking sequences of -BN trilayers. We also show that energy-band structures as well as spatial distributions of wave functions at the valence-band maximum (VBM) and the conduction-band minimum (CBM) strongly depend on the stacking sequences of the -BN trilayers. We further investigate the effects of substitutional doping of a carbon atom on the electronic properties of the -BN trilayers. In several stacking sequences of the C-doped -BN trilayers, we find that the C-atom dopant can be spatially separated from the carrier transport layers associated with the VBM or the CBM, suggesting the possibility of realizing conduction channels only weakly disturbed by the C-atom impurity in -BN trilayers. Interestingly, these donor states spatially separated from the CBM state are found to become rather shallow. This theoretical finding of “atomically thin modulation doping” using the -BN layers may open an important way to design future layered electronic device materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number094003
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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