Electroluminescence from completely horizontally oriented dye molecules

Takeshi Komino, Yuta Sagara, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yuji Oki, Nozomi Nakamura, Hiroshi Fujimoto, Chihaya Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


A complete horizontal molecular orientation of a linear-shaped thermally activated delayed fluorescent guest emitter 2,6-bis(4-(10Hphenoxazin-10-yl)phenyl)benzo[1,2-d:5,4-d′] bis(oxazole) (cis-BOX2) was obtained in a glassy host matrix by vapor deposition. The orientational order of cis-BOX2 depended on the combination of deposition temperature and the type of host matrix. Complete horizontal orientation was obtained when a thin film with cis-BOX2 doped in a 4,4′-bis(N-carbazolyl)-1,1′-biphenyl (CBP) host matrix was fabricated at 200 K. The ultimate orientation of guest molecules originates from not only the kinetic relaxation but also the kinetic stability of the deposited guest molecules on the film surface during film growth. Utilizing the ultimate orientation, a highly efficient organic light-emitting diode with the external quantum efficiency of 33.4 ± 2.0% was realized. The thermal stability of the horizontal orientation of cis-BOX2 was governed by the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the CBP host matrix; the horizontal orientation was stable unless the film was annealed above Tg.

Original languageEnglish
Article number241106
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Jun 13 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Electroluminescence from completely horizontally oriented dye molecules'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this