Electrochemical Thermoelectric Conversion with Polysulfide as Redox Species

Yimin Liang, Joseph K.H. Hui, Teppei Yamada, Nobuo Kimizuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Thermocells convert waste heat to electricity without any pollution; however, the high cost and corrosivity of redox species hinder their commercialization. In this work, a thermocell that utilizes abundant polysulfide as redox species was demonstrated for the first time. 1-Butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium polysulfide [(P14)2S3] was synthesized, and the redox species were prepared by the addition of sulfur to the (P14)2S3 solution in DMSO. In thermoelectric measurements, the Seebeck coefficient changed from −0.68 to +0.5 mV K−1 through addition of sulfur to the cell. Operando UV/Vis spectroscopy and open-circuit voltage analysis revealed that this effect was attributed to the change in the dominating redox reactions by the addition of sulfur. This result also provides a thermodynamic view on polysulfides electrochemistry, which is of high importance for lithium–sulfur batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4014-4020
Number of pages7
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sept 6 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)


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