Electro-optic waveguide with conductive chromophore contained polymer cladding

Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Feng Yu, Lu Li, Shiyoshi Yokoyama, Akira Otomo, Kei Yasui, Masaaki Ozawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


Polymer electro-optic (EO) waveguides are key component of high performance electro-optic switches. Recently, EO chromophore and host polymer matrix are investigated to get high EO coefficient (r33) and fabricate waveguide structures. To realize high r33, chromophore density in host polymer matrix must be increased. However, high loading density results in lowering of resistivity of EO material. It becomes a problem when chromophore is poled in waveguide structure and EO modulator is worked at low frequency. In this case, EO material is sandwiched by other cladding materials but usually these materials have low conductivity compared with EO material. It means effective electric field applied to EO material and r33 is reduced by cladding material layers. To improve these difficulties, we proposed new chromophore contained polymer material as cladding material of EO waveguide. Addition of EO chromospheres (6 wt %) increase conductivity to 106∼10 7 Ω·m. The value is comparable or above to EO materials. We also present fabrication results of EO ridge waveguide with the chromophore contained cladding polymer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOrganic Photonic Materials and Devices XV
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventOrganic Photonic Materials and Devices XV - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 4 2013Feb 6 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherOrganic Photonic Materials and Devices XV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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