The photochemical removal of benzene was studied in air at atmospheric pressure using a side-on type 172 nm Xe2 excimer lamp with a wide irradiation area. After 1.5 min photoirradiation, C6H6 (1000 ppm) in air was completely converted to HCOOH, CO, and CO2 at a total flow rate of 1000 mL/min. The initial decomposition rate of C6H6 was determined to be 1.18 min−1. By using a flow system, C6H6 (200 ppm) was completely removed at a total flow rate of 250 mL/min. The conversion of C6H6 and the energy efficiency in the removal of C6H6 changed in the 31−100% and 0.48−1.2 g/kWh range, respectively, depending on the flow rate, the O2 concentration, and the chamber volume. On the basis of kinetic model simulation, dominant reaction pathways were discussed. Results show that the O(3P) + C6H6 reaction plays a significant role in the initial stage of the C6H6 decomposition. Important experimental parameters required for further improvement of the C6H6 removal apparatus using a 172 excimer lamp were discussed based on model calculations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis